status of documented ethnobotanical knowledge pertaining to
plants found at the INEEL is tabulated on the following pages.
We endeavored to distinguish between generalized
ethnobotanical information - that attributed to “the
Indians,” as if all indigenous groups could be represented by
one cultural milieu - and specific ethnobotanical repertoire
included in Shoshone/Bannock cultural ecology.
The task of documenting a Shoshone/Bannock ethnobotany
is ongoing and is largely a matter of reconstructing past
behavior from lingering linguistic evidence and reporting
present day practices from ethnographic research.
The following table shows the native Shoshone/Bannock
term for the plant or plant parts, if it is known, and a symbol
referring to the documented status concerning use of the plant
by the area’s native aboriginal population (see key at the
beginning of table). These
symbols do not represent Shoshone/Bannock use or non-use of a
they represent the state of documentation concerning a
plant’s use. This
distinction is meant to establish a baseline from which further
research, more in the vein of reconstructive ethnography, might
stem. It should
also be noted that many of the “food plants” listed in the
table are exotic species that were introduced to the area after
European settlement. These
would have come into use by local Native Americans during the
last two centuries.
of the INEEL